Saturday, January 19, 2019
Mis in Grameen Ph wizard chapter 01 founding Management and brasss facing constantly changing problems, diverse managerial movements, and invariably present breeding needs offer a challenging circumstance for developing calculator based instruction arrangings. A perplexity breeding readyance (MIS) is a ashes or process that fit(p) ups nurture demand to manage transcriptions effectively. Management Information corpse of ruless (MIS) employs the integration of study technology in achieving the needs and objectives of the general work extort, managers and their giving medication.The development of MIS in musical arrangements garters corporate executives in applying businesslike and effective information technology-based business and economic decisions. With late trends in information technology, managers and organizations will face to a greater extent advance and flexible c atomic subroutine 18 of organisational information. Management information schemes argon regarded to be a subset of the overall midland restraints procedures in a business, which cover the occupation of good deal, documents, technologies, and procedures used by steering accountants to solve business problems such as costing a product, assistant or a business-wide strategy.Academically, the term is commonly used to refer to the aggroup of information c be methods tied to the automation or substantiate of homosexual decision making, e. g. Decision reassert ashess, Expert bodys, and decision maker information frames. The damage MIS and information system argon often confused. MIS is sometimes referred to, in a restrictive sense, as information technology oversight. That argona of study should non be confused with estimator science. IT dish management is a practitioner-focused discipline.MIS has in each case some differences with Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) as ERP moderates fragments that atomic number 18 not necessarily focused on dec ision support. MIS uses computer technology to provide information and decision support to managers, helping them becomes more effective. Developments in the unripened computer industry ar changing corporate management style. Managers at all levels use similar data. operate managers require data which is timely, precise, detailed, interior(a) and historical.Upper level managers need data which is aggregated, external as well as internal, future oriented as well as historical and viewing a longer span time. An effective MIS cannot be built without practicable data management tools. Such tools were not generally available previously. Moreover, close organizations did not effectively use DBMS technology until deuce decades before. most organizations these days rely heavily on their IT systems. An important key to a successful MIS is the effective management of an organizations data resources. hapter 02 Management information system 2. 1 MIS definition- Management information system is the combination of men, machine and procedures for assemblage link information from the internal and external sources of an organization, and use these information for the employment of decision making. An another(prenominal) way it can say it is the corporate system of man and machine which provides information support for the decision making in the organization. MIS also can define as a computer-based information system. gibe to Jorge M.Scott, MIS is all-around(prenominal) and coordinated setoff information subsystems which are rationally integrated and which transform data into information in a variety of ways to enhance productivity in conformity with the managers style and characteristics on the basis of strengthened quality criteria. 2. 2 Applications of MIS MIS has become an integral part of the organizations existence and action on several specific areas. These include strategy supports, data touch on and job operation development. MIS transforms da ta into profitable information to formulate effective management decisions. entropy treat by MIS allows organization of enormous quantity of business data and provides important time-saving benefits for the organization. Job act of the organizations human resources is greatly affected with the establishment of an MIS. Employees will waste more efficient and effective ways in handling data and information. 2. 3 Elements of a Functional MIS A functional MIS has five elements which include timeliness, accuracy, consistency, cutness and relevance. The competency of an MIS will be deterred whenever one or more elements are compromised.The element of timeliness signifies that an organizations MIS can provide and distribute current information to its users. urbane information from MIS must be accurate and free from flaws. MIS consistency in handling data must be compressn into consideration for well-defined, criminal record processes and ability to adapt with a high-power envir onment. Management needs complete and related information in a summarized format to eliminate information overload. The MIS must be able to provide the management with relevant data for effective planning and decision making. 2. 4 Advantages of MIS An MIS provides m all benefits to the organization.Primarily, it facilitates organizational planning. MIS enhances the extend going decision-making skills of the management by providing relevant information. Secondly, MIS minimizes information surplus by summarizing this in standard formats for managers to put up detailed and concise reports. Thirdly, MIS facilities bring integration to an organization as it keeps other departments abreast with existing problems and needs. Lastly, MIS makes managerial simpleness easier. This gives management the ability to assess and im dig up the organizations performance. 2. 5 MIS classification MIS is a model, which is a matter of degree rather than an absolute one.In management at that place ar e perhaps few other areas other than MIS which gas created so such(prenominal) controversy. We would make an attempt to try to look into different types of MIS as they induct evolved during the course of time. 1) proceeding Processing schema (TPS) 2) Management Information System (MIS) 3) Decision hold back System (DSS) 4) Executive Support System (ESS) 1) motion Processing System It processes transactions and produces reports. I t represents the automation of fundamental, custom affect used to support business trading operations. It does not provide both information to the user for decision making.TPS uses data and produces data. 2) Management Information System MIS in an information system that processes data and converts it into information. A management information system uses TPS for its data inputs. The information generated by the information system whitethorn be used for control of operations, strategic and long-range planning, short-range planning, management cont rol and other managerial problem solving. 3) Decision Support System A decision support system is an information system application that assists decision-making. DSS tends to be used in planning, analyzing alternatives and trial and error search solutions.They incorporate a variety of decision-making models and thus area capable of performing what-if analysis. 4) Executive Support System An ESS is a special kind of DSS. It is specially clean-cut for the use of chief executives of an organization to support his decision-making. Thus ESS is a comprehensive information system that includes various type s of decision support systems, but it is more specific and person oriented. 2. 6 Objective of MIS in that location are three staple fiber objectives of MIS are discussed below 1. Operational control It is the process of assuring that the specific tasks are carried out expeditiously and effectively. 2.Management control It is the process by which managers ensure that resources are obta ined and used effectively and efficiently in the accomplishment of organizational objectives. 3. Strategic planning It is the process of deciding on objective of the organization, on change in these objectives and on the policies that govern the acquisition, use and disposition of these resources. The nature and extent of information required for these affair greatly depends upon the business environment in which it operates. As small or medium size organization do not have the resources or the organization to have a systematic information system. . 8 Characteristics of MIS The following are the characteristics feature of an MIS (a) Management oriented This is the most hearty characteristics of MIS the system is designed from the top down. This does not mean that the system will be geared to providing information directly to top management rather, it means that the system development starts from an appraisal of management needs and overall business objective. It is assertable tha t middle management or operational management is the focus of the system, such that their needs are the cornerstone on which the system is built. b) Management enjoin Because of the management orientation of MIS, it is imperative that management activity direct the system development efforts involvement is not enough. It is rare to find an MIS where the manager himself or a high-level reprehensive of his department is not spending a high-priced deal of time in system design. (c) Integrated Integration is significant because of the ability to produce more meaningful management information. For example. in order to develop an effective production scheduling system , we must symmetricalness , such factors as * Set up costs * Work force Overtime rates * Production capacity * Inventory levels * Capital requirements * node service A system that ignores one of these elements inventory, level for example is not providing management with an survival of the fittestal schedule. (d) Comm on data flow Because of the integration concept of MIS there is an opportunity to avoid duplication and redundancy in data gathering, storage and dissemination for example- node orders are the basis for building the customer for goods ordered, setting up the accounts receivable, initiating production activity, sales analysis, sales forecasting and so on. e) Heavy planning element Management information system does not occur overnight, they take from three to five years and longer to get established firmly within a guild. Therefore a gruelling planning element must be present in MIS development. (f) cuneus system concept (g) Flexibility and easy of use (h) Database (i) Distributed data affect (j) Information as a resource 2. 8 Roles of MIS (The performance observe authority) The MIS has many roles to perform like the decision support role, the performance monitor role and the functional support role.MIS are not just statistics and data analysis. They have to be used as an MB O (Management by Objectives) tool. They help * To establish relevant and measurable objectives * To monitor military issues and performances (reach ratios) * To accuse alerts, in some cases daily, to managers at each level of the organization, on all deviations between results and pre-established objectives and budgets. * The Functional Support Role Business processes and operations support function is the most basic. It involves collecting, recording, storing, and basic processing of data.Information systems support business processes and operations by * Recording, storing and processing sales data, purchase data, investment data, payroll data and other accounting records * Recording, storing and processing inventory data, work in process data, equipment repair and maintenance data, cede chain data, and other production/operations records * Recording, storing and processing military group data, pay data, employment histories, and other human resources records * Recording, stor ing and processing market data, customer profiles, customer purchase histories, marketing research data, advertising data, and other marketing records * Recording, storing an processing business intelligence data, competitor analysis data, industry data, corporate objectives, and other strategic management records use of all the higher up to implement, control, and monitor plans, strategies, tactics, parvenu products, new business models or new business ventures. * The Decision Support Role The business decision making support function goes one step further. Decision making is an integral part of the functioning of any organization. To facilitate Decision making in this ever- warlike earthly concern it is imperative that managers have the right information at the right time to bridge the hoo-ha between need and expectation. To facilitate crack flow of information passable Management Information Systems (MIS) is the need of the hour.Thus it is important to have an understanding of the MIS followed in an organization by all levels of management in order to take effective decisions. A management information system collects and processes data (information) and provides it to managers at all levels who use it for decision making, planning, program implementation, and control. 2. 9 Risks of MIS Management risks designate the likelihood of economic events that could negatively affect the operations or gelt of the organization. Management decisions based on erroneous, ineffective or imperfect MIS whitethorn boost the risks in specific areas such as commodity pricing, companys liquidity, concern rates or foreign currency.A non-secure or poorly programmed MIS can result into hacking, data manipulation, unauthorized data access and routine work interruption that can result to incorrect management decisions or planning. chapter 03 COMPANY OVERVIEW GRAMEENPHONE GRAMEENPHONE is the largest nimble phone company in Bangladesh. In the midst of lack of parley means , GRAMEENPHONE has introduced an effective and user-friendly mobile phone network. It has put a corroboratory impact on the lifestyle of the people of Bangladesh. 3. 1 Ownership TELENOR owns 62% of GP. It is the state-owned tele parley company in Norway operating since 1885. It is amongst the oldest, most sophisticated, and diversified telecom companies in the world.The company has a long history of successful cooperation with other operators and governments in and out of Norway. TELENORs home base, Norway, has the highest density of mobile phones in the world and one of the most competitive markets in the field. TELENOR has been playing a pioneering role in the development of GSM, one the latest and most successful versions of cellular technologies. GRAMEEN Telecom the second largest shareholder owning 35% of GP, has been established by GRAMEEN Bank, which believes that a lack of communication facilities in the rural areas is one of the major obstacles to rapid economic developm ent in the rural areas of Bangladesh.GRAMEEN Telecoms deep understanding of the people and culture of Bangladesh helps GP to build up convenient and cost-effective communication facilities in the rural areas, which in turn, create more jobs and open up business opportunities there. Marubeni Corporation is one of the largest general trading and investment companies in Japan. The company has a global business network that oversees a number of operations ranging from domestic export and import to offshore trade and sell marketing of finished products. Marubeni invests in manufacturing facilities and infrastructure projects, including in the telecommunications sector. The company owns 9. 5% of GP. Gonofone Development Corp. which owns 4. 5% of GP, is a telecommunications development company based in New York.In addition, three leading international financial institutions the International finance Corporation, Asian Development Bank and the Commonwealth Development Corporation &8212 are also shareholders of GrameenPhone. The three organizations each hold three per cent of favored shares of GrameenPhone. 4. 2 License and Network GrameenPhone currently holds both a GSM 900 and a GSM 1800 license. The government has not yet announced any plans to issue UMTS licenses in Bangladesh. With the initiative of GrameenPhone, mobile phones are spreading rapidly throughout the countrified. A huge portion of Bangladesh is under GrameenPhones coverage now. Today, more than one in three telephones in Dhaka and Chittagong are mobiles.GrameenPhones network is divided into half a dozen zones according to the divisional borders Dhaka Zone, Chittagong Zone, Khulna Zone, Sylhet Zone, Barisal Zone and Rajshahi Zone. Currently GP is operating in all six zones. The zone in which a indorser is registered with GrameenPhone is that subscribers Home Zone, and all other zones are Remote Zones. GrameenPhone offers the widest coverage in Bangladesh. The population coverage has increased from approximately 85% in 2005 to above 90% in 2006. In addition, GrameenPhone also offers GPRS in most of the country and EDGE in urban areas. 3. 2. 1 Specialties GSM Mobile Operator, Telecommunication serve well Provider. 3. 2. 2 Healthline and BillPayIn 2006, GrameenPhone introduced HealthLine, providing around the clock access to medical run for its subscribers via the mobile phone, and BillPay, allowing utility explanation payments with the mobile phone in selected areas. 3. 3 Products Under Post Paid Service there are two products 1) GP-GP Regular 2) GP-GP National 3. 3. 1 Subscribers Facilities Grameenphone subscribers enjoy the following GSM features without bearing any additional costs * Caller ID * Call Waiting * Call assembly * Call Divert * Call Barring * Value Added Services * articulate Mail Service (VMS) * Short Message Service (SMS) * Fax and Data Service (currently available only to corporate clients) * Pre-Paid Service chapter 04 MIS IN GRAMEENPHONEIn instantlys world of ever increasing complexities of carrying out business, every organization, in order to survive and grow, must have a properly planned, analyzed, designed and maintained MIS. This need is even more increased because organizations now have to compete not only locally but also globally. study organizational functions In GRAMEENPHONE major organizational functions- * gross revenue & trade * Major functions of systems Sales management, market research, promotion, pricing, new products * Major application systems Sales order info system, market research system, pricing system * financing and Accounting * Major functions of systems Budgeting, general ledger, billing, cost accounting * Major application systemsGeneral ledger, accounts receivable, accounts payable, budgeting, funds management systems * Human Resources * Major functions of systems Personnel records, benefits, compensation, wear relations, training * Major application systems Payroll, employee records, benefit s ystems, worryer path systems, personnel training systems * client communication * Networking * Data Storage * Utility bill payment system * computer software Integrates Facets * Planning, Manufacturing, Inventory, Sales, Finance, Accounting * Transactions Alert tout ensemble Involved Factors * Updates Files, Speeds, Action, Cuts Cost * Electronic commerce * Internet Links Buyers, Sellers * Lowers Transaction Costs Goods & Services, Advertised, Bought, Exchanged Worldwide * Business-To-Business Transactions, Increasing. In Grameenphone Company MIS is broadly needed at every single of moment. Without managing the total information related with employees and customers it can not operates its functions. Computer technology everywhere related of the company. The company come acrosss the potential and importance of information technology and to manage this information for the decision making. The MIS has greatly facilitated and synchronized the information flow in the organization and the management feels that is has played a role in the growth and increased performance of the company Organization computing resources Software Resources-Following softwares are used for the functioning of our information system and organization 1) Application Software Following application softwares are used in our organization and functioning of our information system * Microsoft Office * NOD32 Anti-Virus * Adobe ratifier 2) System Software Following application softwares are used in our organization and functioning of our information system * Operating System (Windows XP and Linux) for PCs. * Windows 2003 server for mainframes. Hardware Resources- Following hardware resources are required for the functionality of IS and organization * Personal computers * Canon Document Scanners * HP Printers TPS in GrameenphoneEffective transaction processing system is working in Grameenphone for ex officio transactions, customer dealing, etc Payroll TPS Grameenphones payroll TPS is desig ned to get information and record about employers and employees stored in computers. It get information about the employee from the employees department and send it to payroll TPS from where it links that information with the previous record and prepare a report which is forwarded to management. Decision making about organizational function taken throw managing all this information. Management takes record of the employees efficiency to work and may declare added bonus or other incentive. And the record is updated in the general ledger as well as the master payroll (HUB). Customer IdentificationAt customer care centers data storage about customers this company also use computer technology. Collecting and gathering information about customers, dealing with them for products and services, offering new services to them, solving their problems for service by customer managers all are provided by computer application systems. Online Activity GP allows the customer the option of online us es. Purpose Career with the organization. Input Name, resume. Process The information will send to organization server (HUB). Output evaluate and select candidate. Sim card operations Different sim card operations and transaction maintain by computer programs.Call rate, SMS rate, Voice messages record and flexi load transactions, handset facilities, additional service- all are maintain by computers which depends on information systems. MIS uses on these functions gives company better option to reach its own destiny. Telecommunication networking cannot thinkable without information system management. Every call, call-charges, talk-time duration, GSM Features and Value Added Services (all control by computer applications which is set before by computer application programs including different information. Relationship of MIS with TPS MIS reports and summarizes the organizations basic operations and these reports come from the basic transition processing systems.In case of GP organizat ion the TPSs of Recharge Cards, Payroll and Customer identification etc. provide the basic information about the organizations activities. These activities are then summarized in the form of reports for the manager so that they can check whether the firm is working properly or not. If there are some flaws then they take control measures to fix those flaws. chapter 04 decision It would appear that the role played by MIS within the study companies is undergoing a period of intense transformationfor many this involves a total rethink of their systems, and the way in which they are managed. IT representatives would appear to be shedding their cypher of pure technologists.Instead, all displayed a keen interest in, and awareness of, the competitive pressures facing their organizations, and how managing information system could be used to assist in combating them. As part of the recognition of the importance of business issues, there is a concurrent recognition of the importance of info rmation, and it play improving customer servicea key differentiator in environments where products are essentially the same. The blood between management attitudes and the role played by information system is an interesting one. Without support from management it would appear that MIS will never be deployed in innovative ways.But if MIS does not prove its potential then management will remain distinctly cool and unenthusiastic about its use. This would face to be particularly true in areas where the company is operating in a relatively stable climate with little or no opposition. If information systems are to be deployed effectively in the organizational arena, and to realize their full potential, strategic or otherwise, such issues must continue to mount up the corporate agenda. Similarly, senior managers must realize that in the act search for competitive advantage in an ever more dynamic climate, IS management could, as has been widely maintained, be one of their most valuabl e (yet underdeveloped) organizational capabilities.This is a universally accepted fact that all managerial functions are performed through decision making. For taking rational decisions, timely and sure information is essential and is procured through a logical method of information collecting, processing and disseminating to decision makers. MIS assist decision makers, by providing the required information at various stages of decision making and thus greatly help the organization to achieve its goals and objectives. On the other hand, if an MIS is poorly planned and constructed, it may provide inaccurate, irrelevant or obsolete information, which may even prove fatal for the organization.